What Is Internal Medicine?

Abhishek Kapila

When physicians graduate from medical school, they can choose to go directly into practice or continue their medical education to become certified specialists in one of many fields. Internal medicine, one such field, is a specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of illnesses in adults. Physicians who undergo such specialization are often referred to as internists.

To become an internist, physicians must complete their residency in general internal medicine. If they choose, they then can pursue an internal medicine subspecialization.

Internists address a wide variety of diseases ranging in complexity and severity. Internists who practice in a hospital setting are called hospitalists.

About the Author:

Abhishek Kapila
Abhishek Kapila MD

A specialist in internal medicine, Dr. Abhishek Kapila treats patients through EmCare in Frankfort, Kentucky. Dr. Abhishek Kapila completed his residency in internal medicine at the James H. Quillen College of Medicine at East Tennessee State University.

The Role of a Hospitalist

Abhishek Kapila blog post

A relatively new field of medicine, hospital medicine is a specialty focused on hospitalized patients and their care. Practitioners, referred to as hospitalists, can include physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners trained in internal medicine, who are involved in clinical care, research, and teaching.

Typical responsibilities for hospitalists include coordinating the patient’s admission process, discharge, and follow-up appointments, providing care during the patient’s hospital stay, managing consultations and specialists, and ordering tests. Additionally, hospitalists also work to improve the overall performance of the hospital by employing process improvement tools and techniques, collaborating with all health care personnel involved in the care of the patient, and by using hospital resources efficiently.

About the Author:

Abhishek Kapila
Dr. Abhishek Kapila

A native of India, Dr. Abhishek Kapila, completed his medical residency at the East Tennessee State University James H. Quillen College of Medicine. Licensed to practice medicine in Kentucky and Virginia, Dr. Abhishek Kapila currently serves as a hospitalist at the Frankfort Regional Medical Center Hospital, in Frankfort, Kentucky.